Saturday, November 19, 2016

Rise of Hindu Nationalism: Gift of Gandhi-Nehru Dynasty


Rise of Hindu Nationalism in India after 70 years of Independence, is nothing something unexpected phenomenon, which is sweeping the nation since last two decades.
Its roots lie deep down in Mahatma Gandhi's social, political ideology which couldn't be digested by a large section of believers in Akhand Bharat (Undivided or Greater India) before and after British Rule.
Nothing apart was followed by Gandhi's ideologue Nehru, overlooking deep down tides of dissatisfaction taking shape of Hindu Nationalism.
After 1947 Gandhi's and Nehru's secularism didn't catch up masses that had been under foreign oppression since last 10 centuries, and paved a way to Rashtriya Swavamsewak Sangh jumping into politics.
Hindutva was never seen as an uniting social and political force in modern India until 1906 when Agha Khan founded Muslim League in undivided India.
Even after inception of Rashtriya Swavamsewak Sangh in 1925 by Keshav Baliram Hegdewar, Hindutva had not been a political entity, as Britishers, Gandhi, Nehru did not heed on it as a potential stakeholder.
All Indians had at that time was Congress Party as a secularist for whole India, on the other side was Muslim League for separate Muslims State to negotiate with Britishers.
Gandhi and Nehru talked about Idea of India which we have now, while Muhammad Ali Jinnah produced present day Pakistan, and no one listened to what Hindus wanted.
Since Mughal invasions till British Rule, and from partition of India until late 1970s Hindutva remained a largely neglected and unheard social and political entity.
Nonetheless, until late 1970s and early 80s religion remained out of political agenda of Congress and other left parties, as there was no significant amount of Muslim population (5%) left in divided India. As such Hindutva remained unruffled during this period and unknowingly swallowed silent and gradual process of secularisation among people and right wing parties.
But, after this period (late 1970s and 80s) as Muslim voters again started surging, Congress only major political party then, started their minority appeasement against the will of majority of population. Sensing soundless suppression of majority left RSS and other Hindu leaders emerge gradually up surging.
After rift in Congress party owing to rivalry between Indira Gandhi and Murarji Desai, rise of and fall of JP Narayan movement, and split of Janata Party left a void in opposition politics, which was successfully subsumed by Bhartiya Janata Party (Formerly Jan Sangh).
Meanwhile, after Death of Indira Gandhi, sensing its fading voters’ faith, Congress started politics of minority appeasement. This gave a sudden rise of Hindu Nationalism in late 1980s and early 1990s, with Ayodhya Ram Temple movement gaining momentum, well complimented by Rashtriya Swavamsewak Sangha and other hard core Hindu groups coming blatantly to represent and protect Hindus.
Meanwhile, Bharatiya Janata Party, backed by RSS, en-chased the demolition of Babari Mosque in 1992, to draw national attention, awakening consciousness of Hindus.

Rise of Bharatiya Janata Party, since then has been imbibing Hindu Nationalism, which has become contemporary bone of contention between two communities, which is constantly churning up Communal tension in India.

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

'Islamic Republic of Pakistan': A Failed State, Anathema on Islam

Single-mindedly and Mindlessly, Pakistan has positioned it self as most radical Anti-India power on the Planet, the only achievement to their credit, which protected their sovereignty from falling apart.

They lived up to one and only agenda of inflicting India by any means , with falling down to every possible level they could.

Transformed into jihad factory, what good Pakistani would have done to Kashmir (India Administered), which kept destabilizing the regions for more than half a century.

Without Kashmir there is no agenda for Pakistan to work upon. Citizens are starving for basic needs, and Army (De Facto political power in Pakistan) is blindly accumulating weapons on the mercy of superpowers to disrupt neighboring Giant.

All the Muslim neighbouring countries including Iran, Afghanistan have cut off with Pakistan. And after bearing brunt of Jihad, American power is is no longer interesting harbouring the terror powerhouse. Chinese power is still in tug of war with India and cannot it from jeopardizing its membership to United Nations and Commonwealth.

They have lost their credibility at all the international platform, no body trust them for their involvement in nurturing terrorism.

Calling special cabinet meeting to declare terrorist Burhan Wani, killed by Indian Army in Kashmir recently, as Pakistan's martyr, reflects their desperation to maintain fame of world's leading terror exporter.

Grave violations of Human rights, killing of Christians, Sikhs, Hindus, and other minority communities have raised international concerts regarding Pakistan’s destructive policies; it is no surprise if it received international sanctions sooner or later.

In last 2 years, India tried to resume dialogues at every possible level, but each time they opted out in unacceptable manner by resorting to non-state actor (Hurriyat Separatist Leaders).

Indian Prime Minister met his Pakistani counterpart at the sidelines of Ufa, and also paid a brief in December 2015 to Islamabad to normalise the situation, but Pakistan each time resorted inflicting terrorism.

Now the tension is at its peak Pakistan intensifying insurgency in Kashmir as they failed to all the attempts to disrupt India.

Meanwhile, in the recent terror attacks in France, USA, Bangladesh and Turkey, India and World must get together to fight the rising global Jihad before it gets too late.


Could there be religious minority in Secular Country ?

f country is secular aren't all religion equal? If all religions are equal then why special status should be given to any particular? And isn’t that amounts to widen the gap between people.

No Country gives special status to their minority on any grounds, and Conflict starts only when one religion, community or sect is given special privileges for political gain, while others are not.

A constitution which divides nation on sectarian ground cannot be secular. We do not hesitate quoting articles of Indian constitution proclaiming equal rights to all regardless of their caste, creed, colour and denomination, but special concessions on the basis of sect, cast and creed de facto not equality in any sense in secular State.

Special Rights to few and deprivation to rest is not democracy that ensured equal rights to all. Even Saudi Arabia and Iran also follow same suit with different treatment to different sects, and this is what India did and does to its minority community.
Even after bearing brunt of Partition, India didn't learn any lesson and laid foundations for another Pakistan per se.
How could I be patronizing those who killed my father? And this exactly what India did.
India not only patronized them but positioned them even higher against their enemies, who brutally killed each other just a few years back in 1947.

Two brothers separated out of their hatred cannot be brothers at any cost ever whether it was Yugoslavia, North and South Korea, North and South Sudan, Jewish and Arabs of Palestine, even once united Bangladesh and Pakistan and many more to come.
Does anyone dig his/her own grave, Yes India did it long ago.


Is film censorship getting worse in India?

Recent weeks witnessed high melodrama over censorship of film on drug abuse – Udta Punjab,produced by prominent filmmaker Anurag Kashyap.
Amid this entire episode of hullabaloo, the major concern emerges is the decline of freedom of creatively in the film industry, excessive involvement of political interest triggering threat to freedom of expression.
Including Shahid Kapoor starer Udta Punjab, which has had 94 cuts proposed by Central Board of Film Certifications (CBFC), there are dozens of movies which have been a prey of over-censorship in recent times. 

In recent past 2 years, a large numbers of films had gone through Film Certification Appellate Tribunal(FCAT) due to excessive cuts proposed by CBFC, which had not been so frequent in Indian film history.
Indian film industry has been an outspoken critic of contemporary issues in the nation which not only brought social awareness but helped government in shaping politics to resolve the problems.
Indian film industry, including Bollywood, Kollywood, and other regional cinema, always tried to bring such issues forward which were neglected by government, but overindulgence of censorship may prove to demoralize the filmmakers and producers on indulging such projects owing to  financial threats.
There is a growing concern among film fraternity on making films on such critical political and social issues.
In recent incidence, which triggered nationwide outrage, CBFC’s blatant objection on Udta Punjab based on surging drug abuse in the Punjab state of India sparked huge controversy, with whole film industry registered a stronger objection on CBFS’s arbitrary decision. The objections were known to be politically motivated to suppress the freedom of expression of film industry.
Anurag Kashyap had gone to high court when CBFC did not pass the film without any cuts. CBFC’s officials absurd attitude and the chief of CBFC Pankaj Nehlani’s open political interest definitely endangers the film industry’s freedom in India.

Censor Board curbing freedom of expression

Not only Udta Punjab, but dozens of such controversy erupted in last 2 years due to unwanted objections of Censor Board. Film which faced either total ban or had to remove substantial scenes include Mohalla AssiThe Painted HouseThe Mastermind Jinda SukhaKaum De HeereUnfreedomand Main Hoon Rajinikanth, En Dino Muzaffarnagar, Dance of Democracy: Battel for Benaras, NH10, No Fire Zone: In the Killing Fields of Sri Lanka, Veerappan, Aligarh.
While, foreign movies that had to face censorship include India’s Daughter50 Shades of Grey, James Bond’s Spectre, The Jungle Book

Veerappan

Directed by Ram Gopal Verma, it was a biopic on dacoit Veerappan. Although the film was granted ‘A’ citification, still CBFC objected several dialogues referring former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi by LTTE chief Prabhakaran. The reason given by CBFC was the threat of hurting sentiments of Tamil.

Aligarh

A national wide social media outrage erupted when Aligarh, a movie based on homosexuality, was given ‘A’ certificate. The movie, directed by Hansal Mehta, is based on the true story of AMU professor Dr Ramchandra Siras. It was however released with several cuts proposed by the Board.

En Dino Muzaffarnagar

The 147-minute documentary film based on 2013 Muzzaffanafar Hindu-Muslim riots was denied certifications on the grounds of danger to national security and harmony. Upholding Board’s decision, Film Certification Appellate Tribunal said, that the film is highly critical of a particular political party.

Dance of Democracy: Battle for Benaras

Another documentary film based on 2014 electoral fight between Narendra Modi and Arvind Kejriwal, directed by Kalam Swaroop was also refused certification due to inflammatory speeches by politicians that may cause communal tension. The filmmakers moved the Delhi High Court against the ban.

NH 10

Anushka Sharma starrer NH 10 also went through trouble with CBFC due to a couple of violent scenes and use of abuse words. Director Navdeep Singh in a statement to media said that when they went to get their certificate, half the members wanted to ban the film.

The Jungle Book

Not only Indian, but foreign movies have also been a prey of over-censorship of CBFC board in recent time. Surprisingly, child movie ‘The Jungle Book’, directed by Jon Favreau under the banner of Disney, was awarded U/A certification which meant that child under 12 have to be accompanied by adult. The decision drew worldwide criticism. Board claimed that the 3D effects in film were scary for young children.

Spectre

James Bond series film Spectre was asked to remove kissing scenes by 50 percent, which drew universal criticism. Daniel Craig’s movie was one of the biggest blockbusters in 2015.



Wednesday, June 22, 2016

High time to unite against terrorism or detonate the world

No country immune to terrorism
In globalized world, no country is immune to terrorism, whatsoever powerful you are. It’s again wake-up call to civilized world to get united in war against terror or succumb to their own vicious game of thrones.
Double standards in dealing with terrorism must be stopped. In the race of dominance millions of people have being killed from far East, Middle East to far West.

There are no terror organisations not be overpowered when whole world gets united. But the need of hour is to start thinking out of short term vested interest and save humanity from plunging into ever detonating world.
In one week, terror attacks In Tel Aviv on 8th June and in Orlando on 12th June claimed 4 and 50 lives respectively, which successfully swept World from waves of threat and abhorrence.
In last one and half year dozens of terrorist attacks from Brussels to Orlando (US) left the western world in a great sense of fear growing radical Islamic within their territory.
Dozens of journalists were shot dead in French magazine’s office Charlie Hebdo in January 2015 in French capital. Again in Paris hundreds were massacred by terrorists in November 2015 which proved to be the biggest terror attack in Europe in a decade. It was followed by mass shooting in San Bernardino (US) on 2nd December 2015 with 14 causalities, while 32 lost their lives in another deadly explosion at Brussels Airport on 22nd March 2016.
All these attacks drew worldwide concern of rising Islamic terrorism and intensified military action against ISIS strong hold in Syria but all lasted until outrage vaporized and victims silenced.
There are no terror activities undergoing without financial and political backing no matter which place they are. Whether it’s Al-Qaida, Taliban or Mujaheddin all such groups were created at some point strategically by some State intentionally to wage proxy war against another State to expand dominance in the region, which claimed millions of lives since decades.
Modern Jihad:  Superpowers pawns on world’s chessboard
It’s of course well-known that jihadist group Mujaheddin was creation of US during late 1970s to trigger proxy war against Soviet power as US did not want to confront USSR directly. Ever since Soviet retreated from in 1989 at the verge of their collapse, the countries in the regions are confronting with eternal epidemic of modern terrorism called Jihad.
As Soviet retreated from Afghanistan, the Mujaheddin were transformed turned into Taliban by neighboring country Pakistan to wage proxy war against India, that left hundreds of thousands killed in last 3 decades.
Since the modern terrorism incepted in very Islamic world (Afghanistan) by Western power (US) against eastern bloc (Former Soviet Union), the countries adjoining the region have had definitely been prone to be affected, which took the modern era of Islamic Jihad from Afghanistan, Iraq to Syria and all over the world.
Not only India but many countries like Afghanistan, Israel, have also been a consistent victim of terrorism but the western powers remained indifferent towards the issue as they loved to play double sided game.
Since 26/11, the US, although, been turned into victim mode as it bore the brunt of its own patronized version of Islamic jihad called Mujaheddin, it unintentionally went to produce even more deadly ISIS by invading Iraq in 2003. In addition, Arabian Peninsula has also been perpetually involved in fighting proxy war between Shia (Iran) and Sunni (Saudi Arabia) to strengthen the dominance in Middle East.
These groups have being funded and used by different States against others States at different period of time in last 3 decades.
Several resolutions were passed in United Nations Security Council and General Assembly but all in vain. But now when repeated terrorist attacked enraged the western world (Paris, Brussels and US attacks) they did not take much time to call collective war against menace considering India as perpetual victim of that.
Now is the time for whole world to get united against war against humanity or face even worst consequences.

Wednesday, June 1, 2016

2 Years of Modi: 'Branding India as a Global Master'

Rise of Modi or India
Keeping aside all statistical affirmative indicators of India's growth, in last 2 years, the present government has unquestionably been successful in framing Nation’s image as an emerging lumbering Elephant in South-East Asia.
Not to mention the accomplishments and actions may differ from promise, nevertheless New Delhi, so far, drew worldwide attention as an unfolding economic power. 

It can undeniably be a unique coincidence of emergence of BJP government, which completes 2 year in power on 25th of May, 2016, and surge of global crisis.
000_Del6377111-e1419003097975© Times of Israel
Rise of ISIS, China's de-accelerated economy, Western stagnancy and fall of global oil prices, complimented the incumbents, who came with full majority for the first time Indian electoral history (Only party after Congress), to stage an optimistic image of Country at international stage.

Besides emergence of new era of terrorism, fall of regime after regime in Middle East and refugee/migrants crises in Middle East, North Africa and Europe have been focal point of global discourse.

Meanwhile, India kept itself occupied in scaling the length and breadth of economic world.
Mapping the East and West

Less than 2 years of his tenure he scaled world form Magnolia in Far East to far Seychelles off East Africa, where no Indian premier ever paid attention. He led India emerge as a mediator power between western and eastern power.
Modi, not only took lead in aligning the far eastern countries like Magnolia, Seychelles, Indian oceans island countries Mauritius, Fiji, and Central Asian countries etc, which although do not have significance on world map, but do play keyhole in shaping India's aspiration of permanent member of UNSC.

After new premier swept to power in 2013, China embarked itself in eradicating deep rooted corruption in bureaucracy, intensifying cracked down on public and media outrage, while, Obama administration could not heed beyond sanctioning Russia’s re-conquest of Eastern Europe,  and unbalancing Arabian peninsula by tabling the nuclear agreement.

On one hand, Putin invested most his energy in reviving SOVIET legacy, US has been successful in inundating former SOVIET stronghold Cuba, most of the world discourse remained between migrant and UK's realignment from EU.
On the other hand, sensing the vacuum in global dias, Modi slated himself as a joining link between East and West, emerging as a leader with influential and decisive power.
Balancing the Middle-East

Since mid 2014, as Saudi's oil dominance has been on downhill, and Iran's nuclear deal imbibed another kind of contention in Arabian Peninsula. At the same, time, Modi, not only successfully balanced China and USA, but Shia and Sunni along with Jewish State, with recent his visits to Saudi Arabia and Iran, and foreign minister’s Israel visit.

Even he has been successful in mapping the largest landlocked part of world, central Asia, and with Chabahar port agreement with Iran, Modi assured India's opening in Central Asia, which has been neglected from global arena after fall of SOVIET, even having a big chunk of natural resources there.

Last 2 years has seen far intensive foreign policy under Modi administration which India never seen before.

And, amid the entire furore Modi is going to address joint session of US Congress, the world’s most power full legislative body, which decided the discourse of world for decades.

However, even after making felt India's presence from Far East to West, Modi administration has been failed in countering not only Pakistan, but Nepal which is considered to be India’s little brother for centuries.


Although India has presence in African nations, but still very less aligned with Latin American nations, where still Indian needs to search grounds.

Sunday, May 22, 2016

Simhastha-Kumbh Mela: Planet's Largest Spiritual Gathering Concludes





Hindus largest congregation on the Earth 'Ujjain Simhastha 2016,' (Kumbha Mela) organized in every 12 years, finally concludes with millions of devotees taking holy dip in the sacred river of Kshipra in ancient and religious city of Ujjain.
In month-long festival, hundreds of thousand believers and spectators coverage from several parts of the world not to just take holy dip (Snan) at the ghats of Kshipra river, but to witness one of the greatest incidents in human history, and the waves spirituality sweeping the Nation.
The Mela is more exclusively known for Naga Sadhus, who after remaining imperceptible from world in deep glaciers of Himalaya for 12 years, gather for royal bath at various akharas at banks of river in hundreds of thousands.
Such a massive gathering at one place is in itself an epitome in the world of management, revealing the mindboggling organizing capacity of India, where population of more than any European country gathers every day, in an unbelievable uncluttered way.

In Hindu mythology taking holy dip at any of the Kumbha Mela once in a lifetime is revered as most sacred event, believed to relinquish people from all worldly sins.

Simhasth Kumbh is one of the four 'Kumbh Melas' celebrated by biggest spiritual gathering on the Planet. Simhasth Kumbh Mela is based on the celestial line-up of Planets and the Signs of the Zodiac, which occurs every 12 years.
'Kumbh' in its literal English translation means 'Pot', which emerged from 'Samudra Manthan'(Churning of the Ocean) between Gods and Devils and the term ‘Mela‘ signifies'Fair'.

Kumbh Mela is held at four places in India i.e Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Ujjain and Nasik. At Haridwar it is held at banks of holy river of Ganges, while it is organized at confluence of Ganges, Yamuna and spiritual (underground) river Sarswati in Allahabad.  In Nasik and Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) Kumbh is held at sacred river Godawari and Kshipra respectively.


At Ujjain, Kumbh Mela is specifically called 'Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv' because the Sun (in Sanskrit Surya) is in the zodiac Aries ('Mesh' in Sanskrit) and the Jupiter (Brahaspati in Sanskrit) is in the zodiac Leo (in Sanskrit 'Simha') when it takes place. There are ten unique and uncommon yogs which exist and facilitate the organizing of Simhasth Kumbh Mahaparv.
The periodical event has also socio-cultural significance in Indian (Hindustani) civilization, where since ancient times, Sadhus and Spirituals Gurus assemble for one month in intensive brainstorming cogitating séance for the conscious and emergence of humanity and world. The gathering assembles in every 3 years during Kumbh Mela at one of the places by rotation, for reassessing the amelioration of ideas churned out for welfare of humanity before meeting at Kumbh gathering on12th year.


Monday, May 16, 2016

Israel’s Unexplored Heritage Sites: From History To Tourism


Israel is comprised of the ancient city of Jerusalem and modern city of Tel Aviv, but between these two well-known sites, are less-known heritage sites which hold stories of thousands of years to tell. Spanning from ancient town of Acre in North to Be’er Sheva in southern deserts, the remnants definitely illustrate the narrative of thousands of years of civilizations that nurtured on this land. However, these places have been matter of importance for archaeologists and historians, but now tourists from across the world have been enchanted and enthusiastic to sense the culture and heritage of primeval times. Here are a few of the unexplored heritage sites in the hall of the fame in the land of Israel.


Acre

Among one of the primordial cities in Israel, Acre (Akko) is a Crusader era port town, situated in north of country. The coastal town is a unique melting point of East and West, well-complimented with magnificent structures, testaments to the Crusader and Ottoman periods. Mosques and Christian monasteries alongside underground passages and high-walled alleys makes it mysterious and unique to explore. The remarkable fortified city walls, Turkish baths, halls built by Knights Templar and Crusader buildings are the undeniable examples of historic architectural proficiency.
  
Acre City © wikipedia


Abu Gosh

There is no more quintessential an example of coexistence of humanity than the village of Abu Gosh, on the outskirts of Jerusalem. The Muslim village is home to a Romanesque and Early Gothic-style twelfth century Crusader church, today a Benedictine Monastery, where even Jews, Christians and Muslims sing prayers together in Hebrew. The monastery is run by a group of priests and nuns with shared co-operation with the local Muslim population, which makes the place unique across the region. Notably, the Abu Gosh village, built during Ottoman period, has also become Israel's Hummus capital in recent years.


Abu Gosh Monastery © wikimedia



Be'er Sheva

Apart from walled city from the Israelite monarchic period in Tel Be’er Sheva, a UNESCO heritage site, the desert capital comprises numerous sites of historic importance from Ottoman Period to British mandate. Founded more than more 3700 years ago, when biblical father of Jewish people, Abraham, arrived there, present day Be’er Sheva houses centuries-old structures such as the Governor’s house, now the Negev Museum of Art, and Government House, today a Police Station. The Turkish railway station and hundred-year-old traditional Bedouin market, are among the main attractions, which can easily take visitors back to monarchic cum colonial era.


Hundred year old Turkish Railway Station, Be’er Sheva © wikipedia



 Lohamei Ha’Getaot

This museum helps to get a better sense of the detriment of holocaust survivors who came from Poland and Lithuania decades ago. After leaving behind everything they had, they found refuge at Lohamei Ha’Getaot  (The Ghetto Fighter). Situated between the town of Acre and Nahariya, Lohamei Ha’Getaot abodes Getto Fighters’s House Museum dedicated to those who fought against Nazis during Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, which is first of its kind in World. This Kibbutz naturally reminds visitors the grief and bravery of holocaust survivors who re-established their lives in a small village in Northern Israel at the foothills of Galilee, after escaping from the Nazis. The Kibbutz also encompasses an aqueduct built in 1815 during Ottoman period, one of the engineering masterpieces of its time.


Ghetto Fighters' Museum © wikimedia


Katsrin:

Among lesser known, but imperative heritage sites, is Talmudic-era town Katsrin located in the heart of Golan Heights, surrounded by breath-taking landscapes. The town embraces the archaeological sites of middle Bronze Age, vindicating the 4000 years old Jewish settlements. Amidst the serenity of the Golan, it is easy to imagine the prosperity of ancient civilizations that once inhabited the town, boasting a magnificent sixth century synagogue. The remains of ancient village and reconstructed homes definitely transport visitors to the Talmudic alleyways.

Talmudic-era synagogue, Katsrin © wikimedia